Facts that underscore why we should all help to rebuild lives and restore human dignity:
- The number of people who have been forcibly displaced from their homes was estimated at over 43.7 million at the end of 2010.
- Today there are more displaced people in the world than at any time in history.
- About 80% of all refugees and internally displaced people are women and children.
- Over 80% of refugees remain within their region of origin, so the burden of hosting refugees falls largely on poorer countries.
- A refugee is entitled to international protection under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol.
- Over 7 million refugees have spent at least 10 years in camps.
- Mortality rates among displaced populations can be as much as 30 times above the normal level of the communities from which individuals have fled. The main causes of death and disease in emergency camp situations are preventable and treatable.
- The minimum amount of water required in an emergency situation is 5 liters of water per person per day for drinking, increasing to 25-30 liters per person to allow for cooking, washing and household chores. In Japan, each person uses about 360 liters of water a day.
- The minimum shelter space recommended in camps is 3.5 square meters (a little over two tatami mats) per person in warm climates or 4.5 to 5.5 square meters in cold climates.
- A hospital or clinic usually serves a population of 200,000 (or one hospital per 10 refugee camps).
In just over three decades, Refugees International Japan has provided more than 7 million US dollars to over 700 projects in 50 countries, helping thousands of people rebuild their lives.